Dies ist eine Sammlung von Quellen zu den Themen, die auf dieser Internetseite behandelt werden. Stand: 12.06.2012


Laut der Nichtregierungsorganisation 'Freedom House' ist Eritrea unter den "Worst of the Worst 2011 - The World's Most Repressive Societies": www.freedomhouse.org/uploads/special_report/101.pdf


‎2011 Amnesty International Report über Eritrea: "Human Rights Violations continue": http://amnesty.org/en/region/eritrea/report-2011


Human Rights Watch 2011 Report über Eritrea: http://www.hrw.org/en/world-report-2011/eritrea


Information der des Englischen Grenzschutzes über Eritrea zur Bearbeitung der Asylanträge von Eritreischen Flüchtlingen: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/pdfid/4c286cfa2.pdf


Informationen über die politischen Häftlinge in Eritrea: http://www.ehrea.org/prisoners.php


Information über die Situation in Eritrea: http://hrc-eritrea.org/


Das Politische System Eritreas: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politics_of_Eritrea


Menschenrechte in Eritrea: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_rights_in_Eritrea


Dawit Isaak: ein Schwedischer Staatsbürger Eritreischer Abstammung, der seit 2001 in politischer Gefangenschaft ist: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dawit_Isaak


Report über den geflüchteten Eritreischen Gefängniswärter Eyob Bhata Habtemariam: http://www.ethiotube.net/video/8537/Haile--Part-2; http://www.mefeedia.com/video/30110489; http://aljazeera.com/news/africa/2010/05/20105661845473250.html


Aktuelle Liste der Journalisten, die in Eritrea in politischer Haft sind http://en.rsf.org/IMG/pdf/rsf_eritrea_prisoners_sep_2011-2.pdf


Aus dem jährlichen Bericht der US Kommission für Internationale Religionsfreiheit von 2011 bezeichnet Eritrea als "country of particular concern" und befindet: "Systematic, ongoing, and egregious religious freedom violations continue in Eritrea. These violations include: torture or other ill-treatment of thousands of religious prisoners, sometimes resulting in death; arbitrary arrests and detentions without charges of members of unregistered religious groups; a prolonged ban on public religious activities; disruption of private religious gatherings and social events and closure of places of worship of unrecognized religious groups; and inordinate delays in responding to registration applications from religious groups.": http://www.uscirf.gov/images/book%20with%20cover%20for%20web.pdf  


Interaktive Karte der geheimen Gefängnisse in Eritrea (auf Italienisch): http://speciali.espresso.repubblica.it/interattivi/eritrea/index.html; Englische Übersetzung: http://redsea1.websitetoolbox.com/post/PFDJ-Prison-Camps-3711256


According to UNHCR, 1,848,765 Eritreans have fled from the country between 2001 and 2009 alone. This is more than 30% of today's population. Source: http://www.unhcr.org/pages/4a0174156.html


At the moment, the national football team is not allowed to travel to their away matches because the regime is afraid that they might not return (as it happened in 2009); Source: http://www.eritreadaily.net/News2010/article20110504.htmhttp://www.newvision.co.ug/D/8/30/753591http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eritrea_national_football_team


Trafficking of Persons Report 2011: Country narrative for Eritrea (at the bottom of the page): http://www.state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/2011/164231.htm


The Eritrean dictator likes to speak in superlatives. Now he can announce a rather dubious new record, namely being responsible for the highest number of asylum seekers in Switzerland in 2011 (2789 from Eritrea as of end of October). This was followed by: 1972 from Tunisia, 653 from Syria, 489 from Algeria, 362 from Marocco and 225 from Libya, http://www.bielertagblatt.ch/News/Schweiz/220040


‎"The significant outflow of Eritreans into Ethiopia and Sudan -- estimated at some 3,000 a month -- continues to present challenges. Moreover, Eritreans and Somalis en route to Europe or the Middle East in growing mixed migration movements often fall victim to traffickers. Source: http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/page?page=49e4838e6&submit=GO


Human Rights Watch Publication about Eritrea: "Ten Long Years: A Briefing on Eritrea’s Missing Political Prisoners, September 22, 2011" http://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/eritrea0911WebForUpload.pdf


Human Rights Watch World Report 2012: Eritrea; Events of 2011: "Eritrea marked 20 years of independence in 2011, but its citizens remain victimized by one of the world’s most repressive governments. They suffer arbitrary and indefinite detention; torture; inhumane conditions of confinement; restrictions on freedom of speech, movement, and belief; and indefinite conscription and forced labor in national service." http://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/related_material/eritrea_2012.pdf


About Carshelli Prison in Asmara: http://www.ehrea.org/Carshelli%20A%20Place%20of%20Abuse%20and%20Suffering.htm


Laurie Lijnders, who volunteered with PHR and now with ARDC and interviewed 100 African torture camp survivors, in a fascinating article: http://oxmofm.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/Caught-in-the-Borderlands1.pdf


Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) remains a huge problem in Eritrea. According to the most recent report from Unicef, more than 80% of Eritrean women suffer from this archaic illtreatment; Source: http://www.childinfo.org/sowc_interactive_site/challenges_of_protection/70_million.html 


Wikipedia on Homosexuality in Eritrea: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LGBT_rights_in_Eritrea 


Very interesting paper which compares the society and the role of women in Eritrea and North Korea: Lisa B. Sharlach, 2011, "Fighting for the Father(Land): Patriarchy and Pluralism in Eritrea and the DPRK", APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper (http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1901922 )


Interesting Article about the role of Gender in the Horn of Africa: Cawo M. Abdi, 2011, "A Gendered Perspective on the Impact of Confict in the Horn of Africa", the Nordic Africa Institute, Policy Notes 2011/3; http://www.operationspaix.net/A-Gendered-Perspective-on-the 


Collection of Sources about sexual abuse in the Eritrean military: www.ehrea.org/SAMPLE_Eritrea_Docs_List.pdf 


Eritrea scored 123th out of 187 countries in Tranparency International's 2010 Corruption Perceptions Index: http://www.transparency.org/policy_research/surveys_indices/cpi/2010/results 


The Eritrean government sells national resources to a foreign company and then buys back 30% from them for US$32 million through the state-owned Eritrean National Mining Corporation (ENAMCO). http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/business/breakingnews/123932539.html


This scientific paper analyzes the problems that families in Eritrea are facing due to the structural militarization of Eritrean society (in English): http://vg02.met.vgwort.de/e56fcd3d40cf400a9ee96f8faf431b15?l=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.giga-hamburg.de%2Fdl%2Fdownload.php%3Fd%3D%2Fcontent%2Fpublikationen%2Fpdf%2Fwp119_hirt.pdf


Another scientic paper about the militarization of Eritrea (in German): www.connection-ev.de/pdfs/eri_militaer.pdf


Personal Experience from a female Eritrean refugee: http://www.connection-ev.de/z.php?ID=504  


List of top military officers: http://www.farajat.net/en/archives/260


This scientific paper analyzes the sanctions imposed against the government of Eritrea. It comes to the conclusion that the sanctions are ineffecitve and are used by the regime as a justification for further hardships against the population (in German): (http://vg02.met.vgwort.de/na/2be43f789e6c499695a79063f31dd83c?l=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.giga-hamburg.de%2Fdl%2Fdownload.php%3Fd%3D%2Fcontent%2Fpublikationen%2Fpdf%2Fgf_afrika_1001.pdf)


DIA iinterview with Financial Times (2009): http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/35b8905c-a44b-11de-92d4-00144feabdc0.html#axzz1TNuUnEno


DIA interview with Al Jazeera (2010): http://english.aljazeera.net/programmes/talktojazeera/2010/02/201021921059338201.html


DIA interview with Swedish Aftonbladet: http://www.aftonbladet.se/nyheter/dawitisaak/article7933904.ab; http://asmarino.com/news/804-interview-with-president-isaias-afwerki


Ibrahim Index of African Governance: http://www.moibrahimfoundation.org/en/section/the-ibrahim-index; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibrahim_Index_of_African_Governance


From the conclusion of another scientific paper: "The East African nation of Eritrea is a typical case of personal tyranny where political repression against the ordinary Eritreans has seemed much worse than the situation under both the Ethiopian monarchy of Haile Selassie and the communist rule of Mengistu Haile Mariam."; Petros B. Ogbazghi, 2011, "Personal Rule in Africa: The Case of Eritrea", African Studies Quarterly, Volume 12, Issue 2 (http://web.africa.ufl.edu/asq/PDFs/v12i2a1.pdf)


From the conclusion of a scientific paper on the nation-building in Eritrea "the social dimension of the nation building process is a total failure. the current leadership does not possess quality, legitimacy, justice, character, care and competence to lead and ccomplish the task of nation building successfully."; Desalegn Abraha, 2010, "Leadership Crises and Nation Building in a Politically Turbulent Environment: The Case of the so Called Peoples Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ) Central Office in Eritrea", Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics vol.8(1) (http://www.na-businesspress.com/JLAE/AbrahaWeb.pdf)


Contrary to reports from the dictatorship, Eritrea is highly in dept. According to Spiegel Online and IWF world economic outlook database, Eritrea has a 135% dept as compared to their economic output: http://www.spiegel.de/flash/flash-26720.html 


Reports without Border on Mr Naizghi Kiflu, former Eritrean information minister and grey eminence of the dicatorship who lived in the UK and reportetly died in February 2012: http://www.rog.at/Eritrea_2008.pdf


Excellent scientific article by Andebrhan Welde Giogis about nation-building in Eritrea: "Lack of democratic governance has weakened nation building, undermined state construction, and subverted socioeconomic development. Eritrea’s record to date indicates more a duplication of than an exception to the general African experience. This has been a cause of profound disappointment to the vision of building a democratic and progressive Eritrea that stands out as a bright star in the African constellation." http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/iez/08268.pdf 


Why was Asmara University closed down by the dictatorship? Find out more here: http://www.ehrea.org/threat.htm and here: http://www.ehrea.org/DISPATCHES%20FROMERITREA.htm


German YPFDJ booklet: http://www.raimoq.com/downloads/YPFDJ-Booklet-Deutsch21.pdf


English YPFDJ booklet and report from Berlin Conference (2010): http://www.youngpfdj.org/index.php?option=com_docman&Itemid=228